Leaders of the West African group ECOWAS on Thursday began talks on Mali following a military coup that sent shockwaves around the region.
Rebel soldiers took power on Tuesday after detaining President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita and Prime Minister Boubou Cisse in the capital Bamako following months of protests.
Opening the video summit, Niger President Mahamadou Issoufou `warned of “a serious situation… whose security implications for our region and Mali are obvious.”
“It shows how much ground still has to be covered before strong democratic institutions are set in place in our region,” he added.
Issoufou noted that Mali’s last coup, in 2012, had enabled “terrorist and criminal organisations” to overrun two-thirds of the country in a matter of weeks.
Keita’s overthrow culminated protests in which ECOWAS — the Economic Community of West African States — had tried to play a mediating role.
The bloc proposed setting up a unity government that would include representatives of the protest movement, although it stood firmly by the 75-year-old Keita. The package was bluntly rejected by the opposition.
Reports of deaths
The African Union, the European Union, United States and UN Security Council have all condemned the putsch and demanded the release of detained leaders.
France, which is leading a military campaign against jihadism in the Sahel, has voiced special concern.
The junta, led by an army colonel named Assimi Goita, have vowed to stage elections within a “reasonable time” and respect “all past agreements,” including international anti-jihadist missions.
It also urged citizens to return to normal life and warned against acts of vandalism after some buildings were torched.
Soldiers were stationed in Bamako Thursday in front of the administrative centre which houses most of the ministries.
Markets were open and Malians, who generally welcomed the change of regime, went about their business as usual.
Amnesty International joined calls for the immediate release of all those arrested during the coup and for an investigation into the reported deaths of four people during Tuesday’s events.
The NGO said 15 others were wounded.
“All the victims were hit by bullets in unclear circumstances and were sent to the Gabriel Toure hospital in the capital Bamako,” Samira Daoud, Amnesty International’s director for West and Central Africa, said in a statement.
The junta has denied that there were any casualties during the mutiny.
ECOWAS comprises 15 members, including Mali, but within hours of Keita’s overthrow, the group issued a statement announcing it was immediately suspending the country from its internal decision-making bodies.
That statement also called for the immediate release of Keita and other detained leaders; said its members would close land and air borders to Mali, and pledged to demand sanctions against “all the putschists and their partners and collaborators”.
It also requested an “immediate buildup” of the ECOWAS Standby Force, a multidisciplinary force of military, civilian and police personnel.
Issoufou proposed the summit “examine these various measures, and if appropriate, complement them in the perspective of a swift return of constitutional order.”
ECOWAS has intervened in several crises in West Africa, including in The Gambia, Liberia and Sierra Leone.
Keita won election in a landslide in 2013, putting himself forward as a unifying figure in a fractured country.
He was re-elected in 2018, defeating Cisse.
But public anger snowballed over his failure to roll back a bloody jihadist revolt, mixing explosively with frustration at Mali’s moribund economy and perceptions of government graft.
Mass protests began after long-delayed legislative elections in April were followed by a disputed outcome.
On Wednesday, the June 5 Movement, a broad coalition of protest groups, said it “took note of the (junta’s) commitment” for a civilian transition.
It promised to work with it on “developing a roadmap,” and said it planned to organise large rallies on Friday to “celebrate the victory of the Malian people”